How is the transplantation done?
Deceased Donor (Cadaveric) Liver Transplant is the most common form of liver transplant where the donated livers come from people who have died suddenly from an accident or bled into the brain. The deceased is either a registered organ donor and/or in some cases, the family members of the deceased decide to donate organs in order to save somebody’s life.
As soon as the expected donor is declared brain dead, the liver is surgically removed, preserved in a sterile fluid. The recipient has to be ready for immediate surgery as the liver can be preserved outside the body under strict conditions for upto 12 hours only.
Waiting List for Liver Transplant
Patients have to register themselves at Individual centres/NOTTO for cadaveric organ allocation in India. Once a liver is available and matches the patient’s blood group, they are called for a transplant based on their MELD score. Currently, India houses a state-based regulation for organ allocation based on MELD score & waiting list. If and only if a patient/recipient of specific blood group is not available in the state, then the liver can be transported outside the state. International patients are at the bottom of the priority list and hence the chances for a foreign national to obtain a liver from cadaveric donor are rare.
Recovery pattern is similar to that of Living Donor Liver Transplant (LDLT). There are times when patients recover faster due to implantation of full size of the liver as compared to living donor transplants where only a portion of the liver is transplanted. Otherwise, post- operative care and follow ups are usually the same as in LDLT. To register for Deceased Donor (Cadaveric) Liver Transplant(DDLT), please click here.