Though the success rate of liver transplant has risen to over 95%, it is best to detect any liver damage at an early stage.
Early Symptoms of Liver Diseases
Some common early symptoms of liver damage include:
- Yellowing of skin and eyes
- Tiredness or feeling exhausted
- Nausea and vomiting
- Swelling on feet and ankles
Do not neglect any of these symptoms as liver diseases if not treated in time can convert into end-stage liver disease that will require a liver transplant surgery.
Factors considered for Liver Transplant
When your liver loses about 80-90% of its functionality, it is considered that you are suffering from end-stage liver diseases. In such cases, liver specialists recommend liver transplant surgery but only after complete examination. Some factors that specialists take into consideration while recommending liver transplant are:
- The amount of damage is the first thing to be considered. Patients are given a MELD score to see their 90-day survival chances.
- Patient is checked for any other medical conditions such as diabetes, heart problems, HIV or allergies to any medicine. This is to ensure that nothing comes in way of the transplant.
- Patient is also diagnosed for mental anxiety or depression because to heal properly you need to be mentally strong. If needed, counselling sessions are conducted for the patient telling them about the effectiveness of this treatment and their survival chances.
- The cost of liver transplant is too expensive for middle class families to arrange at a short interval of time. Patients are given medications to avoid further damage and help the patient survive for a while more so that the amount required for surgery can be arranged meanwhile.
- Patient is also checked for alcohol or drug consumption. If the patient is an alcohol addict, he or she is made to follow a healthy lifestyle for a particular period and is only operated later (depending on the severity of liver damage).