8 Major Causes of Liver Damage

Liver- the large, meaty organ in the body gets damaged very easily and the worst part is– one cannot survive without liver. Hence, it is extremely crucial to be aware of the major causes of liver damage so as to protect liver from the potentially hazardous substances. As listed by Dr. Vivek Vij, one of the top Liver Consultants in India, check out these 8 causes of liver infections/failure:
  • Obesity: In case of obese people, extra fats deposited in the liver results in severe liver diseases such as cirrhosis, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. In extreme cases, excess fat can even result in liver failure. Avoid soft drinks and food containing trans-fats (unsaturated fats) that pile up your weight.
 
  • Excessive Sugar & Salt (Sodium) Intake: Over-consumption of sugar-coated food not only adds extra pounds to your weight, but hampers the proper functioning of liver too. Introduce food with moderate sugar-content in your diet, such as whole grains and fresh vegetables.
Also, keep a check on your salt-intake since excess salts in your liver can lead to deadly fatty liver diseases. An adult should not consume more than 1500 milligrams of sodium in a day.
  • Dietary or Nutritional Supplements: Always refer a dietician for food supplements since any overdose can produce harmful liver enzymes that can damage your liver severely.
  • Herbal Remedies: It is a common myth that “herbal medicines possess no side-effects”! While the fact is– an overdose of herbal supplements damages various organs of the body, and results in liver-causing hepatitis and liver failure.
  • Medicine Overdose: Be wary of pain-killers, anti-depressants, corticosteroids (anti-inflammatory steroids) and mood-stabilizer drugs, since an overdose of these pills can harm your liver to an irreparable damage.
  • Alcoholic Beverages & Smoking: Too much alcohol interferes with the normal functioning of liver, causing scarring of liver cells, which in turn causes cirrhosis (a life-threatening liver disease). Smoking adversely affects your liver and can give rise to liver cancer. Thus, “SAY A BIG NO-NO” to Alcohol and Smoking.
  • Infected Syringe: The doctors should be very careful while usage of syringe (needle) since infected or used needle is the major cause of liver infections such as hepatitis B, C and D. (Hepatitis mainly spreads through blood transfusion)
  • Chemotherapy: Cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy are at an increased risk of developing liver infections as some of the chemotherapy drugs (asparaginase, antimetabolites, cisplatin etc) infect liver cells to an irreversible stage.
Keep in mind the above-mentioned causes of liver damage and adapt a liver-friendly lifestyle! Get in touch with Dr. Vivek Vij for more information.

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